Like other West African countries, the Gambia wasn't exempt from the centuries of slave trading by Europeans. The country's primary site of memorial is Kunta Kinteh Island (formerly St. James Island) located mid-river at the mouth of the Gambia River. Here, Fort James defended the interests of the British, French, Dutch and Latvian ships participating in the trade of gold, ivory and, of course, slaves. The island is just a small pirogue hop from the north bank of the Gambia River, and it's easy to arrange in the twin village of Albadarr/Jufureh. Here is also a small museum, mapping out the crimes of the slave trade and providing an informative introduction to this dark corner of human history. Fort James got to redeem itself in the 19th century when it became part of the British efforts to quell the slave trade.