The world's prehistoric capital, Les Eyzies is surrounded by a series of prehistoric cave dwellings where some of the greatest archaeological finds of the Middle Paleolithic era (200,000 to 40,000 years ago) were discovered. The numerous wall drawings and rock shelters makes this a great place to travel back in time with relative ease. Located in the Vezere Valley, this town of 900 inhabitants is built against looming cliffs, surrounded by hills, rivers and stunning rock formations. The National Prehistory museum is located here (surprise, surprise), right next to a cro-magnon shelter dating back 40,000 years. Not lacking in bars or restaurants, this little town is frequently used as a base for exploring the Dordogne Valley either by car or if the weather permits, by kayak. This isn't a bad idea seeing that the region is filled with medieval castles, quaint churches and a beautiful, rolling countryside.